Integrative Molecular Phenotyping
INTEGRATIVE MOLECULAR
PHENOTYPING
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY
DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL
BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
WHEELOCK LABORATORY

PubMed

PubMed
NCBI: db=pubmed; Term=metabolomics
Updated: 12 min 16 sec ago

Data-driven multivariate population subgrouping via lipoprotein phenotypes versus apolipoprotein B in the risk assessment of coronary heart disease.

Sat, 02/01/2021 - 12:06
Related Articles Data-driven multivariate population subgrouping via lipoprotein phenotypes versus apolipoprotein B in the risk assessment of coronary heart disease. Atherosclerosis. 2020 02;294:10-15 Authors: Ohukainen P, Kuusisto S, Kettunen J, Perola M, Järvelin MR, Mäkinen VP, Ala-Korpela M Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Population subgrouping has been suggested as means to improve coronary heart disease (CHD) risk assessment. We explored here how unsupervised data-driven metabolic subgrouping, based on comprehensive lipoprotein subclass data, would work in large-scale population cohorts. METHODS: We applied a self-organizing map (SOM) artificial intelligence methodology to define subgroups based on detailed lipoprotein profiles in a population-based cohort (n = 5789) and utilised the trained SOM in an independent cohort (n = 7607). We identified four SOM-based subgroups of individuals with distinct lipoprotein profiles and CHD risk and compared those to univariate subgrouping by apolipoprotein B quartiles. RESULTS: The SOM-based subgroup with highest concentrations for non-HDL measures had the highest, and the subgroup with lowest concentrations, the lowest risk for CHD. However, apolipoprotein B quartiles produced better resolution of risk than the SOM-based subgroups and also striking dose-response behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the majority of lipoprotein-mediated CHD risk is explained by apolipoprotein B-containing lipoprotein particles. Therefore, even advanced multivariate subgrouping, with comprehensive data on lipoprotein metabolism, may not advance CHD risk assessment. PMID: 31931463 [PubMed - in process]

Alternative splicing of UCP1 by non-cell-autonomous action of PEMT.

Sat, 02/01/2021 - 12:06
Related Articles Alternative splicing of UCP1 by non-cell-autonomous action of PEMT. Mol Metab. 2020 01;31:55-66 Authors: Johnson JM, Verkerke ARP, Maschek JA, Ferrara PJ, Lin CT, Kew KA, Neufer PD, Lodhi IJ, Cox JE, Funai K Abstract OBJECTIVE: Phosphatidylethanolamine methyltransferase (PEMT) generates phosphatidylcholine (PC), the most abundant phospholipid in the mitochondria and an important acyl chain donor for cardiolipin (CL) biosynthesis. Mice lacking PEMT (PEMTKO) are cold-intolerant when fed a high-fat diet (HFD) due to unclear mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PEMT-derived phospholipids are important for the function of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and thus for maintenance of core temperature. METHODS: To test whether PEMT-derived phospholipids are important for UCP1 function, we examined cold-tolerance and brown adipose (BAT) mitochondria from PEMTKO mice with or without HFD feeding. We complemented these studies with experiments on mice lacking functional CL due to tafazzin knockdown (TAZKD). We generated several conditional mouse models to study the tissue-specific roles of PEMT, including mice with BAT-specific knockout of PEMT (PEMT-BKO). RESULTS: Chow- and HFD-fed PEMTKO mice completely lacked UCP1 protein in BAT, despite a lack of difference in mRNA levels, and the mice were accordingly cold-intolerant. While HFD-fed PEMTKO mice exhibited reduced mitochondrial CL content, this was not observed in chow-fed PEMTKO mice or TAZKD mice, indicating that the lack of UCP1 was not attributable to CL deficiency. Surprisingly, the PEMT-BKO mice exhibited normal UCP1 protein levels. Knockout of PEMT in the adipose tissue (PEMT-AKO), liver (PEMT-LKO), or skeletal muscle (PEMT-MKO) also did not affect UCP1 protein levels, suggesting that lack of PEMT in other non-UCP1-expressing cells communicates to BAT to suppress UCP1. Instead, we identified an untranslated UCP1 splice variant that was triggered during the perinatal period in the PEMTKO mice. CONCLUSIONS: PEMT is required for UCP1 splicing that yields functional protein. This effect is derived by PEMT in nonadipocytes that communicates to BAT during embryonic development. Future research will focus on identifying the non-cell-autonomous PEMT-dependent mechanism of UCP1 splicing. PMID: 31918922 [PubMed - in process]

metabolomics; +38 new citations

Fri, 01/01/2021 - 15:03
38 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2021/01/01PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +38 new citations

Fri, 01/01/2021 - 12:02
38 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2021/01/01PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +47 new citations

Thu, 31/12/2020 - 17:59
47 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2020/12/31PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +47 new citations

Thu, 31/12/2020 - 14:59
47 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2020/12/31PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +19 new citations

Wed, 30/12/2020 - 14:53
19 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2020/12/30PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

metabolomics; +65 new citations

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 17:41
65 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: metabolomics These pubmed results were generated on 2020/12/29PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

LC-MS based plasma metabolomics study of the intervention effect of different polar parts of Hawthorn on hyperlipidemia rats.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles LC-MS based plasma metabolomics study of the intervention effect of different polar parts of Hawthorn on hyperlipidemia rats. J Sep Sci. 2020 Dec 22;: Authors: Zeng L, Luo L, Xue Q, He Q, Chen X, Meng J, Wang S, Liang S Abstract Hawthorn, a well-known traditional Chinese medicine is used for treatment of dyspepsia syndrome, cardiovascular disease and hyperlipidemia. Hawthorn has complex composition, therefore, the effective fraction and mechanisms of action in alleviating hyperlipidemia are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate effects of four different polar components of hawthorn on hyperlipidemia rats, and to explore underlying mechanisms of action through LC-MS based plasma metabolomics. Hyperlipidemia rat model was established by feeding rats using high-fat diet. High-fat model rats were then treated with 4 polar components of hawthorn for 14 consecutive days. Plasma samples were collected and subjected to biochemical and metabolomics analysis. Biochemical analysis showed that hawthorn n-butanol and ethyl acetate extracts had the highest efficacy on hyperlipidemia rats. Water fraction showed a partial effect, whereas petroleum ether extract was not effective against hyperlipidemia rats. Furthermore, LC-MS metabolomics analysis showed that the most effective fraction of hawthorn reversed the metabolic disorder in plasma of hyperlipidemia rats. Metabolomics analysis showed that hawthorn exerts its activity by modulating lipid metabolism, energy metabolism, oxidative stress and amino acid metabolism. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33354898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Integrative Analysis of Gene-Specific DNA Methylation and Untargeted Metabolomics Data from the ELEMENT Cohort.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Integrative Analysis of Gene-Specific DNA Methylation and Untargeted Metabolomics Data from the ELEMENT Cohort. Epigenet Insights. 2020;13:2516865720977888 Authors: Goodrich JM, Hector EC, Tang L, LaBarre JL, Dolinoy DC, Mercado-Garcia A, Cantoral A, Song PX, Téllez-Rojo MM, Peterson KE Abstract Epigenetic modifications, such as DNA methylation, influence gene expression and cardiometabolic phenotypes that are manifest in developmental periods in later life, including adolescence. Untargeted metabolomics analysis provide a comprehensive snapshot of physiological processes and metabolism and have been related to DNA methylation in adults, offering insights into the regulatory networks that influence cellular processes. We analyzed the cross-sectional correlation of blood leukocyte DNA methylation with 3758 serum metabolite features (574 of which are identifiable) in 238 children (ages 8-14 years) from the Early Life Exposures in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) study. Associations between these features and percent DNA methylation in adolescent blood leukocytes at LINE-1 repetitive elements and genes that regulate early life growth (IGF2, H19, HSD11B2) were assessed by mixed effects models, adjusting for sex, age, and puberty status. After false discovery rate correction (FDR q < 0.05), 76 metabolites were significantly associated with LINE-1 DNA methylation, 27 with HSD11B2, 103 with H19, and 4 with IGF2. The ten identifiable metabolites included dicarboxylic fatty acids (five associated with LINE-1 or H19 methylation at q < 0.05) and 1-octadecanoyl-rac-glycerol (q < 0.0001 for association with H19 and q = 0.04 for association with LINE-1). We then assessed the association between these ten known metabolites and adiposity 3 years later. Two metabolites, dicarboxylic fatty acid 17:3 and 5-oxo-7-octenoic acid, were inversely associated with measures of adiposity (P < .05) assessed approximately 3 years later in adolescence. In stratified analyses, sex-specific and puberty-stage specific (Tanner stage = 2 to 5 vs Tanner stage = 1) associations were observed. Most notably, hundreds of statistically significant associations were observed between H19 and LINE-1 DNA methylation and metabolites among children who had initiated puberty. Understanding relationships between subclinical molecular biomarkers (DNA methylation and metabolites) may increase our understanding of genes and biological pathways contributing to metabolic changes that underlie the development of adiposity during adolescence. PMID: 33354655 [PubMed]

Skin Metabolomics.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Skin Metabolomics. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Dec 19;: Authors: Elpa DP, Chiu HY, Wu SP, Urban PL Abstract Skin retains numerous low-molecular-weight compounds (metabolites). Some of these compounds fulfill specific physiological roles, while others are by-products of metabolism. The skin surface can be sampled to detect and quantify skin metabolites related to diseases. Miniature probes have been developed to detect selected high-abundance metabolites secreted with sweat. To characterize a broad spectrum of skin metabolites, specimens are collected with one of several available methods, and the processed specimens are analyzed by chromatography, mass spectrometry (MS), or other techniques. Diseases for which skin-related biomarkers have been found include cystic fibrosis (CF), psoriasis, Parkinson's disease (PD), and lung cancer. To increase the clinical significance of skin metabolomics, it is desirable to verify correlations between metabolite levels in skin and other biological tissues/matrices. PMID: 33353809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Data-Independent Acquisition for the Quantification and Identification of Metabolites in Plasma.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Data-Independent Acquisition for the Quantification and Identification of Metabolites in Plasma. Metabolites. 2020 Dec 18;10(12): Authors: van der Laan T, Boom I, Maliepaard J, Dubbelman AC, Harms AC, Hankemeier T Abstract A popular fragmentation technique for non-targeted analysis is called data-independent acquisition (DIA), because it provides fragmentation data for all analytes in a specific mass range. In this work, we demonstrated the strengths and weaknesses of DIA. Two types of chromatography (fractionation/3 min and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC)/18 min) and three DIA protocols (variable sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra (SWATH), fixed SWATH and MSALL) were used to evaluate the performance of DIA. Our results show that fast chromatography and MSALL often results in product ion overlap and complex MS/MS spectra, which reduces the quantitative and qualitative power of these DIA protocols. The combination of SWATH and HILIC allowed for the correct identification of 20 metabolites using the NIST library. After SWATH window customization (i.e., variable SWATH), we were able to quantify ten structural isomers with a mean accuracy of 103% (91-113%). The robustness of the variable SWATH and HILIC method was demonstrated by the accurate quantification of these structural isomers in 10 highly diverse blood samples. Since the combination of variable SWATH and HILIC results in good quantitative and qualitative fragmentation data, it is promising for both targeted and untargeted platforms. This should decrease the number of platforms needed in metabolomics and increase the value of a single analysis. PMID: 33353236 [PubMed]

Discrimination between Fresh and Frozen-Thawed Fish Involved in Food Safety and Fraud Protection.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Discrimination between Fresh and Frozen-Thawed Fish Involved in Food Safety and Fraud Protection. Foods. 2020 Dec 18;9(12): Authors: Chiesa LM, Pavlovic R, Nobile M, Di Cesare F, Malandra R, Pessina D, Panseri S Abstract This study aims to discriminate fresh fish from frozen/thawed by identification of the key metabolites that are altered during the freezing/thawing processing. Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and bullet tuna (Auxis rochei) were selected as they are representative of broad consumption, and susceptible to pathogen contamination. Atlantic salmon samples were subjected to the following regimes: -20 °C (24h) and -35 °C (15 h) freezing, then thawed respectively in the blast chiller and in the cold room and analyzed immediately or after 10 days; (2) bullet tuna samples were frozen at -18 °C and thawed after 15, 30 and 90 days. High resolution mass spectrometry based on untargeted metabolomic analyses and statistical data treatment confirmed significant variations in the quantity of certain metabolites: the amount of l-phenylalanine in salmon increased immediately after thawing while that of anserine decreased. The concentration of l-arginine and its metabolites was altered at the 10th day after thawing rendering them promising markers of salmon freezing/thawing. As regards bullet tuna, compounds resulting from lipid degradation (l-α-Glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline and N-methyl-ethanolamine phosphate) increased notably during the storage period. This approach could be used to reveal common fraudulent incidents such as deliberate replacement of fresh fish with frozen/thawed, with food safety risks as the primary implication. PMID: 33353233 [PubMed]

Non-Invasive Human Embryo Metabolic Assessment as a Developmental Criterion.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Non-Invasive Human Embryo Metabolic Assessment as a Developmental Criterion. J Clin Med. 2020 Dec 18;9(12): Authors: Motiei M, Vaculikova K, Cela A, Tvrdonova K, Khalili R, Rumpik D, Rumpikova T, Glatz Z, Saha T Abstract The selection of a highly-viable single embryo in assisted reproductive technology requires an acceptable predictive method in order to reduce the multiple pregnancy rate and increase the success rate. In this study, the metabolomic profiling of growing and impaired embryos was assessed on the fifth day of fertilization using capillary electrophoresis in order to find a relationship between the profiling and embryo development, and then to provide a mechanistic insight into the appearance/depletion of the metabolites. This unique qualitative technique exhibited the appearance of most non-essential amino acids and lactate, and depleting the serine, alanyl-glutamine and pyruvate in such a manner that the embryos impaired in their development secreted a considerably higher level of lactate and consumed a significantly higher amount of alanyl-glutamine. The different significant ratios of metabolomic depletion/appearance between the embryos confirm their potential for the improvement of the prospective selection of the developed single embryos, and also suggest the fact that pyruvate and alanyl-glutamine are the most critical ATP suppliers on the fifth day of blastocyst development. PMID: 33353110 [PubMed]

The Impact of Sample Type on Vitamin D Quantification and Clinical Classification during Pregnancy.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles The Impact of Sample Type on Vitamin D Quantification and Clinical Classification during Pregnancy. Nutrients. 2020 Dec 18;12(12): Authors: Harvey SM, Murphy VE, Gibson PG, Clarke M, Jensen ME Abstract Measurement of vitamin D status has significant use in clinical and research settings, including during pregnancy. We aimed to assess the agreement of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration, and its three analytes (25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3), 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 (25(OH)D2) and Epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (Epi-25(OH)D3)), in plasma and serum samples collected during pregnancy, and to examine the proportion of women who change vitamin D status category based on sample type. Matching samples were collected from n = 114 non-fasting women between 12-25 weeks gestation in a clinical trial in Newcastle, Australia. Samples were analysed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to quantify total 25(OH)D and its analytes and examined using Bland-Altman plots, Pearson correlation (r), intraclass correlation coefficient and Cohen's Kappa test. Serum total 25(OH)D ranged from 33.8-169.8 nmol/L and plasma ranged from 28.6-211.2 nmol/L. There was a significant difference for total 25(OH)D based on sample type (measurement bias 7.63 nmol/L for serum vs plasma (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 5.36, 9.90, p ≤ 0.001). The mean difference between serum and plasma concentrations was statistically significant for 25(OH)D3 (7.38 nmol/L; 95% CI 5.28, 9.48, p ≤ 0.001) and Epi-25(OH)D3 (0.39 nmol/L; 95% CI 0.14, 0.64, p = 0.014). Of 114 participants, 28% were classified as vitamin D deficient (<50 nmol/L) or insufficient (<75 nmol/L) based on plasma sample and 36% based on serum sample. Nineteen (16.7%) participants changed vitamin D status category based on sample type. 25-hydroxyvitamin D quantification using LC-MS/MS methodology differed significantly between serum and plasma, yielding a higher value in plasma; this influenced vitamin D status based on accepted cut-points, which may have implications in clinical and research settings. PMID: 33352934 [PubMed - in process]

Metabolic Changes in Serum Metabolome of Beagle Dogs Fed Black Ginseng.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Metabolic Changes in Serum Metabolome of Beagle Dogs Fed Black Ginseng. Metabolites. 2020 Dec 19;10(12): Authors: Yoon D, Kim YJ, Lee WK, Choi BR, Oh SM, Lee YS, Kim JK, Lee DY Abstract The effects of black ginseng, which has many kinds of biological activities, on dogs was investigated. Serum samples of beagle dogs, which were fed with black ginseng for 8 weeks, were measured using high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometry. Acquired NMR data from the serum of dogs fed for 0, 4, and 8 weeks were analyzed by metabolic profiling and multivariate statistical analysis. In statistical analysis and biomarker analysis results of metabolite profiles, formate, glutamine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, proline, and valine had variable importance in projection (VIP) scores above 1.0 and excellent area under the curve (AUC) values of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves above 0.9. In the result of multivariate statistical analysis, the score plot showed the discrimination between before and after feeding of black ginseng. These differences in metabolic profiles are considered to be due to the involvement of metabolic processes following black ginseng administration, such as enhancing immunity and energy metabolism. Through metabolomics analysis, we confirmed the biological efficacy of black ginseng in dogs and also confirmed that metabolomics can be applied to the pet health industry. PMID: 33352805 [PubMed]

From Proteomics to Personalized Medicine: The Importance of Isoflavone Dose and Estrogen Receptor Status in Breast Cancer Cells.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles From Proteomics to Personalized Medicine: The Importance of Isoflavone Dose and Estrogen Receptor Status in Breast Cancer Cells. J Pers Med. 2020 Dec 19;10(4): Authors: Ilieș M, Uifălean A, Pașca S, Dhople VM, Lalk M, Iuga CA, Hammer E Abstract Continuing efforts are directed towards finding alternative breast cancer chemotherapeutics, with improved safety and efficacy profiles. Soy isoflavones represent promising agents but, despite extensive research, limited information exists regarding their impact on the breast cancer cell proteome. The purpose of this study was to compare the proteomic profiles of MCF-7 (estrogen responsive) and MDA-MB-231 (estrogen non-responsive) breast cancer cells exposed to different concentrations of genistein, daidzein, and a soy seed extract, using a high throughput LC-UDMSE protein profiling approach. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay confirmed the dual activity of soy isoflavones on MCF-7 cells and the inhibitory effect on MDA-MB-231 cells. Proteome profiling of paramagnetic beads prepared peptides by nano-LC UDMSE and pathway enrichment analysis revealed that isoflavones affected distinct molecular pathways in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells, such as tyrosine kinases signaling pathway, cytoskeleton organization, lipid and phospholipid catabolism, extracellular matrix degradation and mRNA splicing. Also, in MCF-7 cells, low and high isoflavone doses induced different changes of the proteome, including cell cycle alterations. Therefore, the expression of estrogen receptors and the isoflavone dose are determinant factors for the molecular impact of isoflavones and must be taken into account when considering adjuvant breast cancer therapy towards personalized medicine. PMID: 33352803 [PubMed]

Exploratory Analysis of Commercial Olive-Based Dietary Supplements Using Untargeted and Targeted Metabolomics.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Exploratory Analysis of Commercial Olive-Based Dietary Supplements Using Untargeted and Targeted Metabolomics. Metabolites. 2020 Dec 19;10(12): Authors: Garcia-Aloy M, Groff N, Masuero D, Nisi M, Franco A, Battelini F, Vrhovsek U, Mattivi F Abstract The market of olive-based dietary supplements (OBDS) is composed of a broad range of natural extracts claiming different health effects and often sold without a clear statement on their chemical composition. The aim of this survey was to characterize the chemical profiles of 14 commercially available OBDS. As many as 378 compounds were tentatively annotated in the analyzed samples. Although for most of metabolites the annotation at level I was prevented due to the lack of the analytical standard, the spectra obtained from high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) measurements were very informative, allowing annotation of dozens of metabolites at level II or III. A targeted method allowed the quantification of 26 selected compounds. A large qualitative and quantitative variability was observed. The products obtained from buds by glyceric maceration were those with the lowest concentrations of all the quantified elements. The dose of 5 mg of hydroxytyrosol, corresponding to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) health claim, was only reached by four products, all of them originating from the olive fruit or the leaves. If we also take into consideration oleuropein, two additional products provide this daily amount. This work demonstrates the high complexity and diversity in the composition of OBDS. PMID: 33352793 [PubMed]

Evaluation of Saliva Stability for NMR Metabolomics: Collection and Handling Protocols.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Evaluation of Saliva Stability for NMR Metabolomics: Collection and Handling Protocols. Metabolites. 2020 Dec 19;10(12): Authors: Duarte D, Castro B, Pereira JL, Marques JF, Costa AL, Gil AM Abstract Maintaining a salivary metabolic profile upon sample collection and preparation is determinant in metabolomics. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to identify metabolite changes during short-term storage, at room temperature (RT)/4 °C/-20 °C, and after sample preparation, at RT/4 °C (mimicking typical clinical/laboratory settings). Interestingly, significant metabolic inter-individual and inter-day variability were noted, probably determining sample stability to some extent. After collection, no changes were noted at -20 °C (at least for 4 weeks). RT storage induced decreases in methylated macromolecules (6 h); lactate (8 h); alanine (12 h); galactose, hypoxanthine, pyruvate (24 h); sarcosine, betaine, choline, N-acetyl-glycoproteins (48 h), while acetate increased (48 h). Less, but different, changes were observed at 4 °C, suggesting different oral and microbial status at different temperatures (with a possible contribution from inter-individual and inter-day variability), and identifying galactose, hypoxanthine, and possibly, choline esters, as potential general stability indicators. After preparation, addition of NaN3 did not impact significantly on saliva stabilization, neither at RT nor at 4 °C, although its absence was accompanied by slight increases in fucose (6.5 h) and proline (8 h) at RT, and in xylose (24 h) at 4 °C. The putative metabolic origins of the above variations are discussed, with basis on the salivary microbiome. In summary, after collection, saliva can be stored at RT/4 °C for up to 6 h and at -20 °C for at least 4 weeks. Upon preparation for NMR analysis, samples are highly stable at 25 °C up to 8 h and at 4 °C up to 48 h, with NaN3 addition preventing possible early changes in fucose, proline (6-8 h), and xylose (24 h) levels. PMID: 33352779 [PubMed]

Passiflora incarnata in Neuropsychiatric Disorders-A Systematic Review.

Tue, 29/12/2020 - 08:41
Related Articles Passiflora incarnata in Neuropsychiatric Disorders-A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2020 Dec 19;12(12): Authors: Janda K, Wojtkowska K, Jakubczyk K, Antoniewicz J, Skonieczna-Żydecka K Abstract BACKGROUND: Stress is a natural response of the body, induced by factors of a physical (hunger, thirst, and infection) and/or psychological (perceived threat, anxiety, or concern) nature. Chronic, long-term stress may cause problems with sleep, concentration, and memory, as well as affective disorders. The passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) is a perennial plant with documented therapeutic properties. The literature data suggest that the passionflower itself, as well as its preparations, helps reduce stress and can therefore be helpful in the treatment of insomnia, anxiety, and depression. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate Passiflora incarnata in terms of its neuropsychiatric effects. METHODS: The scientific databases PubMed, ClinTrials.gov, and Embase were searched up to 22 October 2019. The search identified randomized clinical trials describing the effects of Passiflora incarnata in neuropsychiatric disorders. RESULTS: The systematic review included nine clinical trials. The duration of the studies included in the analysis varied widely, from one day up to 30 days. Study participants were no less than 18 years old. In each of the papers, the effects of passionflower were measured by using a number of different tests and scales. The majority of studies reported reduced anxiety levels following the administration of Passiflora incarnata preparations, with the effect less evident in people with mild anxiety symptoms. No adverse effects, including memory loss or collapse of psychometric functions, were observed. CONCLUSION: Passiflora incarnata may be helpful in treating some symptoms in neuropsychiatric patients. PMID: 33352740 [PubMed - in process]

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